What Is the Complete Aspect? (with Examples)

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What Is the Complete Aspect? (with Examples)

The complete aspect (or perfect aspect as it's more commonly known) is the aspect of a verb that expresses a completed action.

Complete aspect is the collective term for verbs (past, present, or future) in a complete tense (or perfect tense).

Examples of Verbs in the Complete Aspect

Here are some examples of verbs in the complete aspect:

In the Past Tense
  • I had gone.
  • They had eaten.
  • She had felt.
In the Present Tense
  • I have gone.
  • We have cleaned.
  • It has recovered.
In the Future Tense
  • I will have gone.
  • You will have acted.
  • He will have flown.

Forming the Complete Aspect

The complete aspect is formed using a form of the auxiliary verb have and the past participle. For example:

Forming the Past Complete Tense

"had" + past participle
  • They had eaten.
Forming the Present Complete Tense

"has" or "have" + past participle
  • He has eaten.
  • We have eaten.
Forming the Future Complete Tense

"will have" + past participle
  • He will have eaten.

Verb Tenses Showing the Complete Aspect

Here is a list of the verb tenses. The ones in the complete aspect are shaded.

The 4 Past Tenses Example
simple past tense I went
past progressive tense I was going
past perfect tense I had gone
past perfect progressive tenseI had been going
The 4 Present Tenses Example
simple present tense I go
present progressive tense I am going
present perfect tense I have gone
present perfect progressive tense I have been going
The 4 Future Tenses Example
simple future tense I will go
future progressive tense I will be going
future perfect tense I will have gone
future perfect progressive tense I will have been going
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