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What Is the Perfect Aspect? (with Examples)The perfect aspect (or complete aspect as it's sometimes called) is the aspect of a verb which expresses a completed action.
Perfect aspect is the term for verbs in a perfect tense.
Examples of Verbs in the Perfect AspectHere are some examples of verbs in the perfect aspect:
In the Past Tense
- We had seen.
- I had cleaned.
- She had drunk.
- I have seen.
- She has taken.
- It has found.
- You will have finished.
- They will have eaten.
- She will have swum.
Forming the Perfect AspectThe perfect aspect is formed using a form of the auxiliary verb have and the past participle. For example:
Forming the Past Perfect Tense
"had" + past participle
- They had played.
"has" or "have" + past participle
- He has played.
- We have played.
"will have" + past participle
- He will have played.
Verb Tenses Showing the Perfect AspectHere is a list of the verb tenses. The ones in the perfect aspect are shaded.
|The 4 Past Tenses||Example|
|simple past tense||I went|
|past progressive tense||I was going|
|past perfect tense||I had gone|
|past perfect progressive tense||I had been going|
|The 4 Present Tenses||Example|
|simple present tense||I go|
|present progressive tense||I am going|
|present perfect tense||I have gone|
|present perfect progressive tense||I have been going|
|The 4 Future Tenses||Example|
|simple future tense||I will go|
|future progressive tense||I will be going|
|future perfect tense||I will have gone|
|future perfect progressive tense||I will have been going|