Abbreviations in Writing


Learn 1000s of English words with our vocabulary builder.

Abbreviations in Writing

An abbreviation is a shortened version of a written word or phrase used to replace the original. For example: Abbreviations usually fall into one of four categories:

Full Stops (Periods) in Abbreviations

Abbreviations can be written with or without full stops (periods). For example: If you're writing the name of a company (like the BBC or BUPA), you should try to use whatever version the company uses. The BBC is inconsistent with its use. Sometimes, it uses BBC. Sometimes, it uses B.B.C.

For neatness, you should try to be consistent throughout your document.

BUPA is consistently written by BUPA without full stops (periods). Therefore, you should write BUPA and not B.U.P.A. (This trumps your striving to be consistent.)

Read more about full stops (periods) in abbreviations.

Full Stops (Periods) in Contractions

Contractions like Dr. and Prof. are often followed by full stops (periods). This is a ruling in America. Outside America, the guideline is to use a full stop (period) only if the last letter of the contraction is different from the last letter of the whole word. For example:

It's Not an Acronym. It's an Abbreviation!

BBC and CNN are not acronyms. They are not spoken like words. Lots of people use the word acronym when they mean abbreviation.

The Golden Rule

When writing abbreviations, choose a convention you like and be consistent throughout your document.

Read more about being consistent with abbreviations.

A Quick Test

Help Us To Improve English Grammar Lessons
Please tell us using this form.

See Also

Writing abbreviations Full stops (periods) in contractions What are contractions? What are acronyms?