Accusative Case

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What Is the Accusative Case? (with Examples)

The accusative case's main function is to show the direct object of a verb.

You can find the direct object by finding the verb and asking "what?" (or "whom?"). For example:

Most people encounter the term accusative case when studying a language other than English (e.g., German or Russian).

Examples of the Accusative Case

Here are some examples of the accusative case with an explanation of how to find the direct object: (In English, we use the term objective case for the accusative case.)

More Examples of the Accusative Case

Here are more examples of direct objects. In the examples below, all the shaded words are in the accusative case: Remember that, in English, only some pronouns change their forms in the accusative case. Here is a table showing how the pronouns change in the accusative case. (The pronouns that change are highlighted.)
Subjective CaseAccusative Case
Ime
youyou
he / she / ithim / her / it
weus
youyou
theythem

Prepositions Can Take the Accusative Case

When studying other languages, you might also encounter a list of prepositions that take the accusative case. For example, in German, the following take the accusative case:
German Prepositions That Take the Accusative Case
bis (up to)
durch (through)
entlan (along)
für (for)
gegen (against)
ohne (without)
um (around)
In English, prepositions take the objective case. That's why we say with him (and not with he) and for whom (and not for who). In these two examples, the words him and whom are known as the object of a preposition.

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See Also

What is the direct object? What is the indirect object? What is the objective case? What is the nominative case? What is the dative case? What are intransitive verbs? What are transitive verbs? What are pronouns? What are verbs?