What Are Adjuncts? (with Examples)

An adjunct is a word or words (i.e., a phrase or a clause) which can be removed without making the sentence grammatically wrong.

An adjunct is usually an adverb used to modify a verb. When used as an adverb, an adjunct will usually indicate a time, a manner, a place, a frequency, a reason, or a degree. For example:

Time Adjuncts (Adverbs of Time)

Here are some examples of time adjuncts:

Manner Adjuncts (Adverbs of Manner)

Here are some examples of manner adjuncts:

Place Adjuncts (Adverbs of Place)

Here are some examples of place adjuncts:

Frequency Adjuncts (Adverbs of Frequency)

Here are some examples of frequency adjuncts:

Reason Adjuncts (Adverbs of Reason)

Here are some examples of reason adjuncts:

Degree Adjuncts (Adverbs of Degree)

Here are some examples of degree adjuncts:


Place your adjunct next to whatever it is modifying to avoid ambiguity. Look at this example: Does quickly modify Cycling uphill or strengthens?

This is called a squinting modifier. This is a better version:

Adjuncts cause few problems for native English speakers. The main grammar point is whether to use a comma.

When an adjunct is at the front of a sentence (especially when it's made up of more than one word), it is usual to use a comma. .

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See Also

Using commas with adjuncts What are adverbial phrases? What are adverbial clauses? What is a squinting modifier? What is a misplaced modifier? What is a phrase? What is a clause? What are adverbs? What does modify mean? What are verbs? Glossary of grammatical terms