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What Is the Aspect of a Verb? (with Examples)The aspect of a verb is determined by whether the action is on going or completed.
The four aspects are:
- Simple Aspect (also known as the indefinite aspect)
- Perfect Aspect (also known as the complete aspect)
- Progressive Aspect (also known as the continuing aspect)
- Perfect Progressive Aspect
Examples of AspectHere are some examples of the aspects in sentences:
- He took the photos. (simple aspect - no emphasis of completed or on-going action)
- He had taken the photos by the time the owner arrived. (perfect aspect - action completed)
- He was taking the photos when the owner arrived. (progressive aspect - action on going)
- He had been taking the photos before the owner arrived. (perfect progressive aspect - action on going but then finished)
Aspect applies equally to the present tense and the future tense.
Aspects in Past, Present, and Future TensesHere is a table showing how the different aspects are formed in the past, future, and future tenses:
|The Simple Aspect (Indefinite Aspect)||Example|
|simple past tense||I went|
|simple present tense||I go|
|simple future tense||I will go|
|The Perfect Aspect (Completed Aspect)||Example|
|past perfect tense||I had gone|
|present perfect tense||I have gone|
|future perfect tense||I will have gone|
|The Progressive Aspect (Continuing Aspect)||Example|
|past progressive tense||I was going|
|present progressive tense||I am going|
|future progressive tense||I will be going|
|The Perfect Progressive Aspect||Example|
|past perfect progressive tense||I had been going|
|present perfect progressive tense||I have been going|
|future perfect progressive tense||I will have been going|
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