Mood in Grammar


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What Is Mood in Grammar? (with Examples)

Mood is the form a verb takes to show how it is to be regarded (e.g., as a fact, a command, a wish, an uncertainty).

There are three moods in English: grammatical mood examples

The Indicative Mood (with Examples)

The indicative mood states a fact or asks a question. For example: Read more about the indicative mood.

The Imperative Mood (with Examples)

The imperative mood expresses a command or a request. For example: Read more about the imperative mood.

The Subjunctive Mood (with Examples)

The subjunctive mood shows a wish or doubt. For example: Read more about the subjunctive mood and how the verbs change..

Mood and Sentence Type

With the exception of an imperative sentence, the sentence type gives no indication to the mood. Look at these examples:
MoodSentence Type
Indicative Mood
Imperative Mood
  • Please leave.
  • (This is an imperative sentence.)
  • Get out!
  • (This is an imperative sentence and an exclamatory sentence.)
Subjunctive Mood
  • If I were there, I would.
  • (This is a declarative sentence.)
  • I demand he be removed!
  • (This is an exclamatory sentence.)
  • What if he were there?
  • (This is an interrogative sentence.)

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See Also

What is the indicative mood? What is the imperative mood? What is the subjunctive mood? What is a declarative sentence? What is an exclamatory sentence? What is an interrogative sentence? What is an imperative sentence? Glossary of grammatical terms