Present Perfect Tense

Search...

Learn 1000s of English words with our vocabulary builder.

What Is the Present Perfect Tense? (with Examples)

The present perfect tense is oddly named because it is used to describe actions that began in the past. However, it is different from the simple past tense because quite often the actions being described are still continuing into the present.

Examples of the Present Perfect Tense

Here are some examples of the present perfect tense (highlighted):

More Examples of the Present Perfect Tense

Here are some more examples of the present perfect tense: Of course, you can have the negative version, which is formed "has not" or "have not" + "[past particple]": And the question versions:

Forming the Present Perfect Tense

Here is an infographic explaining the present perfect tense:

The Other Present Tenses

The present perfect tense is one of four present tenses. They are:
The 4 Present Tenses Example
simple present tense I go
present progressive tense I am going
present perfect tense I have gone
present perfect progressive tense I have been going
The present perfect tense is formed:

has/have + [the past participle]

For example:

Forming the Past Participle (Regular Verbs)

If it's a regular verb, the past participle is the same as the simple past tense. In other words, it is formed like this:

Add "ed" to most verbs:
If a verb of one syllable ends [consonant-vowel-consonant], double the final consonant and add "ed":
If the final consonant is w, x or y, don't double it:
If last syllable of a longer verb is stressed and ends [consonant-vowel-consonant], double the last consonant and add "ed":
If the first syllable of a longer verb is stressed and the verb ends [consonant-vowel-consonant], just add "ed":
If the verb ends "e", just add "d":
If the verb ends [consonant + "y"], change the "y" to an "i" and add "ed":

Forming the Past Participle (Irregular Verbs)

If it's an irregular verb, the past participle is formed in all sorts of different ways. Here are some examples:
You just have to learn them.

Click here for a list of the most common irregular verbs.

A Quick Test




Help Us To Improve English Grammar Lessons
Please tell us using this form.

See Also

Tenses Simple past tense Past progressive tense Past perfect tense Past perfect progressive tense Simple present tense Present progressive tense Present perfect tense
Present perfect progressive tense Simple future tense Future progressive tense Future perfect tense Future perfect progressive tense