Subject of a Sentence

What Is the Subject of a Sentence? (with Examples)

The subject of a sentence is the person or thing doing the action or being described. For example (subjects shaded): The subject of a sentence is one of the basic parts of a sentence. The other basic part is the predicate. The predicate tells us something about the subject (i.e., it tells us what action the subject is performing, or it describes the subject). Every sentence must have a verb, and every verb must have a subject.

Read more about predicates.

Simple Subject, Complete Subject, and Compound Subject

The subject of a sentence will be a noun or a pronoun (including all the modifiers that go with it). For example: A complete subject will be a noun phrase or a noun clause.

Subjects in Different Sentence Structures

The typical sentence structures are:

The subject performs an action: The subject is described: The subject is identified: The subject has an action done to it:

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See Also

What is a sentence? What is a predicate? What are modifiers? What is a simple subject? What is a compound subject? What is a noun phrase? What is a noun clause? What is a linking verb? What are passive sentences? What are active sentences? What is the subjective case? Glossary of grammatical terms